Video instructions and help with filling out and completing How Form 944 Pr Addresses

Instructions and Help about How Form 944 Pr Addresses

Music Music well that's one of the more positive welcomes I've had from you alright yeah thank you for coming if you'd like to give a few opening remarks and then we'll move on to some questions okay so I have about half an hour for this I guess about 15 to 20 minutes for the open case so I think I'm going to talk to you today a little bit about hierarchy it's a small talk that I've been developing as I've been doing my public lectures over the last couple of weeks it's an elaboration of some of the ideas I put forth in on some of my scientific writings and in maps of meaning but more particularly in 12 rules for life in rule one which is stand up straight with your shoulders back and it's in part of meditation on hierarchy and I want to talk about the political significance of that and let you know how I've been trying to sort that out in my own imagination so I'm gonna put and I think it sheds light on on the political on the nature of political debate itself and maybe deeper light on why temperamental factors might contribute to political political framing and perception because we know that people tend to vote their temperament although there there are other reasons that influence their political allegiance and their voting behavior so let's start with a couple of simple observations and the first is that complex biological creatures and even simple biological creatures for that matter have to move forward in the world and so that's the case for any creature that's mobile and that goes all the way down to one celled organisms the idea that approach and avoidance are the fundamental motivations is a very old biological idea and seems to apply across levels of analysis in the in in the animal kingdom and and it's true for us as well and we have to move forward towards things because we have requirements there are things that we require to keep us alive and to keep us wanting to be alive as well and those are different things and we move forward towards things that we value so there's two propositions there the first is that we have to move forward because there are things to move forward to because there are things we need and want and the second is that to move forward towards something is simultaneously to value it and so one of the implications of that is that we always live in a framework a value there's no escaping that and that we're moved for our detail that this out quite substantially in my book maps of meaning but we're always at a place and and and we're always moving towards a place that in principle has some advantage over the place we're at otherwise we move towards it and so what that means is that there's no life without value at least there's no human life without value out of necessity and also not only out of necessity at the physiological level but also out of necessity at the psychological level because another thing that you might point out that I think it's usefully pointed out is that not only do you have to move from point A to B in life but point a is often a very difficult place to be because we're fragile and bounded and mortal and limited and because we know that and so one of the implications of that as many great religious traditions are at pains to illustrate or demonstrate or proclaim is that life is essentially suffering and I believe that to be a fundamental truth but but perhaps not the most fundamental truth because I think the most fundamental truth is that despite the fact that life is suffering people can transcend that and partly the way they transcend that is by pursuing things of value and so that if there is no value proposition at hand then you have no meaning to justify the difficult conditions of your life and that's brutally difficult for people no Nietzsche said he who has a why can bear anyhow and you see and I've certainly seen this as a clinical practitioner that people who have no purpose in their life are embittered by the difficulties of their life and they become first bitter and then resentful and then revengeful and then cruel and there's plenty of places to go past cruel that's just where you start if you're really on a downhill path alright so those are the first propositions the second proposition would be well if you're going to pursue something of value because you're a social creature you're going to pursue that thing of value in a social space and that means you're going to compete and cooperate with people around you in the pursuit of that value and what that inevitably means is that given that the pursuit of anything valuable is going to be a collective enterprise that you're going to produce a hierarchy or maybe more than one hierarchy but at least a hierarchy of competence in relationship to that pursuit so it doesn't matter what you decide to pursue maybe you're going to do that cooperatively you're going to find that you and other people vary in your ability to manage that pursuit effectively and and efficiently and so there's going to be a hierarchy of people from those who are very good at the pursuit maybe it's pole vaulting maybe it's delivering massages maybe it's delivering groceries maybe it's setting up an enterprise it doesn't matter but if it's a valuable Purdue pursuit and you pursue it socially gonna produce a hierarchy and the hierarchy is going to be one of competence and so if you're going to pursue value then you're going to construct a hierarchy and then there's an implication from that which.